Sculpture Area Health and Safety Guidelines

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS

Creating art is an enjoyable and worthwhile endeavor. But it has inherent dangers in the materials and tools. Treat each with respect and common sense.

  • No horseplay or immature behavior can be tolerated at any time around tools.
  • Keep work areas clean. Cluttered areas invite accidents.
  • Use the sculpture shop only when alert, rested and focused. Under no circumstances attempt to use machinery when your judgment is impaired or you are ill, under the effects of medication, drugs or alcohol, or sleep deprivation.
  • Plaster is used often in sculpture. The same dust hazards exist with plaster as with clay. Never rinse buckets, tools, or hands off in the sink. Use a wash bucket for cleanup. Plaster will set up in the plumbing!
  • Prepare yourself for the use of machinery by securing your clothing, hair and jewelry. Also outfit yourself with appropriate hearing protection, safety glasses, or face-shield. (personal protective equipment). See to it that all necessary aids, such as push sticks, saw horses, hold-downs, guide fences, or someone to help are within reach or their proper place. ALL GUARDS MUST BE USED. Safety glasses or face-shields should also be worn when doing some bench work such as cutting class, stapling, or when working with materials corrosive to eyes such as solvents, varnishes, or hardeners.
  • Dry sweep at a minimum in the sculpture area. This should only be done in a careful fashion so as not to stir up dust. Wet mopping, or hosing and squeegee are the only ways to really clean floors.
  • No smoking is allowed in any of the buildings.
  • Eating and drinking are only allowed at the center tables.
  • Approach any woodworking machine, hand-held or stationary, with respect, which begins with a thorough examination of the equipment before using it.
  • All tool guards must be in place.
  • Keep your attention focused on both the machine and on the operation you wish to perform with it.
  •  Never distract or talk to someone who is operating a machine, or allow them to distract or talk to you while you are in the process of using equipment. If you must pass by someone using equipment, approach them head-on so they may see you coming and not be startled.
  • Be alert for any unusual sounds, loose parts, dull blades, poor adjustments, when turning on or operating a machine. Make sure the situation is corrected before continuing to use the machine. Never force a machine to do work. Report any electrical or mechanical hazards to the instructor immediately.
  • Clean up scrap wood, sawdust, scrap steel, or grindings when finished with an operation. Return the machine to a state of readiness for the next person to use. Also return all hand-held machines to their proper storage area.
  • If you have any question about the use or operation of a machine, or feel uncomfortable with its use, ask for assistance before going ahead with your work.

SAFETY REGULATIONS FOR SPECIFIC EQUIPMENT IN THE SCULPTURE STUDIO

BAND SAW

  • Always wear safety glasses or a face shield when operating the band saw.
  • Secure all loose clothing, remove jewelry, and tie back your hair.
  • ADJUST the bearing guide to within ¼” above the stock to be cut BEFORE the machine is turned on.
  • Keep fingers at least 6” inches away from the blade when operating the saw.
  •  Avoid backing out of a cut. It is possible to pull the blade off of the wheels.
  • ALWAYS support the cut stock against the downward thrust of the saw on the saw table.
  • If the band saw blade should break or come off the wheels while the machine is in operation, TURN the saw OFF, keep clear and notify the instructor.
  •  Be sure that the radius of your circle cutting is NOT TOO SMALL for the thickness of the BLADE IN USE.
  • DO NOT EVER ADJUST BLADE TENSION OR TRACKING without the permission of the instructor.
  • DO NOT ADJUST THE BEARINGS OR GUIDES without permission.
  • Clean up any debris on the machine before and after the operation leaving the area clean for the next person.
  •  If you do not thoroughly understand the operation of a machine or feel too uncomfortable to feel you can safely use the machine, ASK THE INSTRUCTOR FOR HELP.

TABLE SAW

  • The table saw will remain locked and may only be used by one of the faculty.

DRILL PRESS

  • Always wear safety glasses or a face shield when operating the Drill Press.
  • Secure all loose clothing, remove jewelry, and tie back your hair.
  • DO NOT attempt to use a bit with a square tang or tapered shaft.
  • Be sure the drill bit is tight in the chuck.
  • Remove the chuck key from the chuck before starting the machine.
  • When drilling small stock, always secure the piece in a vise or fasten it to the work table.
  • Avoid forcing the bit faster than it will cut.
  • Adjust the speed of the drill press only with the instructor’s permission.
  • Keep hand at least two inches away from the moving bit.
  • Always use a backing board when drilling through the work piece.
  • Adjust the machine only when it is completely stopped.
  • Clean up any debris on the machine before and after the operation leaving the area clean for the next person.
  • If you do not thoroughly understand the operation of a machine or feel too uncomfortable to feel you can safely use the machine, ASK THE INSTRUCTOR FOR HELP

BENCH GRINDER

  • Always wear safety glasses or a face shield during grinding operations.
  • Secure all loose clothing, remove jewelry, and tie back your hair.
  • Keep fingers clear of the stone, particularly near the tool rest.
  • Badly worn or out of round wheels should be dressed or replaced.
  • Objects being ground should be held firmly and quenched frequently.
  •  Use a light touch & keep edges cool if grinding tools.
  • Always use the face of the wheel, not the side, when grinding chisels & lathe tools.
  • If you do not thoroughly understand the operation of a machine or feel too uncomfortable to feel you can safely use the machine, ASK THE INSTRUCTOR FOR HELP

COMBINATION BELT / DISC SANDER

  • Always wear safety glasses or a face shield during sanding operations.
  • Secure all loose clothing, remove jewelry, and tie back your hair.
  • Sand only on the downstroke side of the disc sander.
  • Do NOT make any adjustments with the machine running.
  • Do not leave the machine area until the sander is completely stopped. This machine will cut for a long time even after it is turned off.
  • KEEP FINGERS away!
  • Complete all cutting operations BEFORE beginning any sanding operation.
  • Apply light pressure & keep the work moving to avoid damaging the piece with severe scratches and/or burning.  Practice on a scrap of the same wood. 
  • If you do not thoroughly understand the operation of a machine or feel too uncomfortable to feel you can safely use the machine, ASK THE INSTRUCTOR FOR HELP

COMPOUND MITER SAW

  • Always wear hearing protection and safety glasses or a face shield during miter saw operations.
  • Keep fingers 6” from the blade.
  • Secure all loose clothing, remove jewelry, and tie back your hair.
  • Support long work with an outboard tool rest.
  • Clean up any debris on the machine before and after the operation leaving the area clean for the next person.
  • Make sure all clamps and adjustments are tight before using.
  • If you are right-handed firmly hold the work to be cut against the fence and table with your left hand and to the left of the blade. Operate the saw with your right hand. The opposite will be true if you are left-handed.
  • Always let the tool come to complete speed before engaging the wood.
  • If you do not thoroughly understand the operation of a machine or feel too uncomfortable to feel you can safely use the machine, ASK THE INSTRUCTOR FOR HELP.

SAFETY PROCEDURES FOR THE METAL WORKING AREA

  • No-one is allowed to weld without the specific permission of the instructor.
  •  Eye protection should be worn at all times while in the welding area.
  •  Ear protection should be worn when grinding.
  • Welding helmets should be worn with any of the electrical welding. Shaded face shields or glasses should be worn for gas welding. Clear face shields or safety glasses can be worn for grinding.
  • Alcohol, drugs and medication impair thinking around tools and welding.  Please use common sense and do not come to the studio impaired!
  • Do not look at the spark or flame when other people are welding.
  •  Assume that all metal is HOT.
  • No open toed shoes, sandals, dresses, shorts or skirts are allowed in the welding area.
  • Cotton clothing (jeans) are best. Welding jackets are available for you to wear over your clothes.
  •  Leather boots are shoes are recommended when welding, grinding, or cutting.
  • Keep backpacks, papers, coats, and anything flammable away from the welding area.
  • Avoid breathing welding fumes.
  • Familiarize yourself with the location and use of fire extinguishers.
  • Do not weld galvanized or painted steel.
  • Wear gloves when working in the metal area.
  • Always shut down tanks and drain the hoses when finished with oxy-acetylene welding.
  • Always wrap up hoses, cords, and grounding wires. Secure the welders.
  • Be conscious of others working especially when you are grinding.
  • If you do not thoroughly understand the operation of a machine or feel too uncomfortable to feel you can safely use the machine, ASK THE INSTRUCTOR FOR HELP

OTHER SCULPTURE STUDIO MACHINES AND TOOLS

The sculpture studio has many hand-held power tools, such as the portable rotary saw, drills, grinders, sanders, and pneumatic staplers as well as many potentially dangerous hand tools such as chisels, saws, carving tools, scissors, and knives.  Students may not use power tools without instruction, and should observe caution, including personal protective equipment, with all others. Also we frequently work with glass. Please be careful and always use eye protection when cutting glass. All of the sculpture studio general rules and procedures apply to these tools and machines.